What is Wig Ventilation?

February 19, 2013 in cap construction

What is Wig Ventilation

The wig ventilating method incorporates a process similar to making a latch-hook rug.
Using a ventilating hook, the wig maker ties strands of hair to foundation.
This method of wig-making dates back to King Louis XVI, who wore a wig to disguise his hair loss.
Wigs are still made using this process, perhaps because it produces the most natural-looking result.

What is Wig Ventilation

Ventilating Materials
Creating a wig begins with the foundation, which is a cap-like structure designed to snugly fit the head.
Foundations are usually made from some combination of nylon and cotton lace.
The hair is then woven into the foundation a few strands at a time using a metal ventilating hook.
For the most natural results,human hair  is used.
Synthetic hair is made with plastic polymers, so can be unnaturally shiny.
It’s also difficult to create a wig that has a natural-looking part when using synthetic hair.
Ventilating Process
Using only a few strands at a time, the wig maker draws the hair through the wig foundation with the ventilating hook.
The hair is then kept in place by tying a small knot.
To make a believable full lace wig, this process will be repeated as many as 40,000 times.
Around the edges of the wig, to re-create a believable hairline,
the wig maker will use only a single strand of hair in the ventilating process.
The creator of the wig will use a variety of hair colors for subtle differences in shading.
What is Wig Ventilation

wig ventilating

The less artful way to create lace wigs is by using a method called wefting.
In this process, machines are used to sew swatches of hair onto the foundation.
The lack of delicacy of this process leads to a bushier hairpiece, with no natural part,
but a wig produced by this method will be less expensive.
Mass-produced lace closure wigs are made using wefting.
What is Wig Ventilation

 ventilate lace wig

More Tips for Natural Wigs
The most natural-looking wigs are a result of tailoring the hairpiece to a specific person’s measurements.
The better the wig fits, the more organic the presentation.
Although wigs made from the ventilation process are the most believable-looking,
a machine-made wig can be made to appear more natural when a strip of mesh is attached to the hairline,
consisting of hairs that have been individually woven through using the ventilation method.
 What is Wig Ventilation